COX 2008 Wed, 01 Dec 2021 03:07:37 +0000 en-US hourly 1 COX 2008 32 32 Tiger Woods reveals amputation of his leg “on the table” Wed, 01 Dec 2021 02:21:04 +0000

Tiger Woods declined to set a schedule for his return to the golf tournament on Tuesday in his first public appearance since a serious car accident earlier this year that left him “lucky to be alive.”

Speaking to reporters in the Bahamas ahead of the Hero World Challenge, Woods said he would never regain the full strength of his right leg, which was shattered after the Los Angeles crash in February.

Woods, 45, told Golf Digest in an interview on Monday that his days as a full-time professional golfer are over, saying he will now pick tournaments.

On Tuesday, the 15-time major winner gave no indication as to when he expected to be fit enough to play a full 72-hole pro event, repeatedly pointing out that his recovery was underway and that he still had pain in his back and leg.

“As far as playing at the tour level, I don’t know when it’s going to happen,” said Woods.

“Now I’m going to play a trick here or there, flick and laugh, I can do something like that,” Woods said.

Woods reiterated that he expects his post-crash career to mirror that of great golfer Ben Hogan, who was seriously injured in a 1949 crash.

Hogan, who won 64 PGA Tour events and nine majors, never played more than nine tournaments in a season after the accident.

“I don’t foresee that this leg will ever be what it was, so I’ll never have my back what it was, and the clock is ticking.” I’m getting older, I’m not getting any younger, ”Woods said. “All of that combined means a full schedule and a full training schedule and the recovery it would take to do that. I don’t want to do it. this.”

Risk of amputation

“But pick up the pace for a few events a year like Mr. Hogan has done, and he’s done a pretty good job, there’s no reason I can’t do it and feel ready.” I might not be tournament sharp in the sense that I haven’t played tournaments, but I think if you train right and do it right I have already quit having surgeries. “

“So I know the recipe, I just need to get to a point where I feel comfortable enough that I can do it again. “

While Woods isn’t speculating on a possible return goal, he admitted he would be keen to play next year’s British Open, which will mark his 150th anniversary in St. Andrews, the golfing homeland where Woods already has. won twice.

“Yeah, I would love to play at St. Andrews, no question,” said Woods. “Physically, I hope I can. I have to get there first. The tournament is not going anywhere, but I need to This is my favorite golf course in the world. To be a two-time Open champion. there just being part of the Champions Dinner is really cool.

“Since my first in 2005, I’ve been able to attend a Champions Dinner, it was pretty neat to be part of it.”

Woods, meanwhile, declined to comment directly on his memories of the crash, which left him unable to walk unaided for several months.

However, he revealed that the amputation of his mutilated leg, which suffered two open fractures, had been “on the table”.

“I’m lucky to be alive, but I still have the limb as well. These are two crucial things. I’m so grateful that someone upstairs is taking care of me, that I can not only be here but also walk without a prosthesis, ”said Woods, who said his rehab was more difficult than his multiple returns. back and knee surgeries earlier in his career.

“The knee thing was one thing. It’s a level. Then the back. With that right leg. … It’s hard to explain how hard it is. Be still for three months. Just to lie down there. I just couldn’t wait to get out. It was one of my goals. Especially for a person who has lived their entire life outdoors, that was a goal, ”he said.

“I went from a wheelchair to crutches and now nothing. It’s been a lot of hard work. “

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]]> Vasily Lomachenko returns to Matrix on December 11 against Richard Commey boxing news 24 Tue, 30 Nov 2021 01:26:13 +0000

Through Jeff Aronow: Former three-division world champion Vasily Lomachenko will soon return to the Matrix to face former IBF lightweight champion Richard Commey in twelve days on December 11 LIVE on ESPN,

Lomachenko, 33, is ranked No.1 WBC in lightweight, but he is not required by WBC lightweight champion Devin Haney. Joseph ‘JoJo’ Diaz Jr. holds that position and will challenge him this Saturday night in Las Vegas.

From the perspective of the chief support heavyweights Jared anderson (10-0, 10 KOs) will jeopardize his perfect record against the talented Oleksandr Teslenko (17-1, 8 KOs) in a scheduled eight-round bout.

This bout against Commey (30-3, 27 KOs) made sense when it was originally staged for two-time Olympic gold medalist Lomachenko (15-2, 11 KOs), as it gave the boxing public a chance to compare its performance. for which Teofimo López.

With Teofimo losing to the unannounced George Kambosos Jr. last Saturday night, there is no point in Lomachenko fighting Teo’s former opponent Commey. The fight Lomachenko needs is not against Commey. it’s against George Kambosos Jr.

What Loma needs is to secure a title against undisputed lightweight champion Kambosos (20-0, 10 KOs), but it’s going to be impossible. Kambosos obviously does not want to lose his “beautiful belts” right away, and he surely would if he fought Lomachenko in his first defense.

Unsurprisingly, Lomachenko’s name WAS NOT mentioned by Kambosos or his promoter Lou DiBella last Saturday night after his upset 12-round split-decision victory over Teofimo.

Kambosos, 28, is now considering trying to fight the winner of this Saturday’s bout between WBC lightweight champion Devon Haney and Joseph ‘JoJo’ Diaz Jr.

Choosing the winner of this fight will give Kambosos the opportunity to try and become the undisputed 135-pound champion.

In order for Lomachenko to get a title shot, he will have to fight in a title eliminator with the World Boxing Council and then hope the fight is ordered by next year.

Otherwise, it doesn’t make sense for Lomachenko to stay at 135, as he probably wouldn’t stand a chance of winning the WBC title before 2023.

Lomachenko turns 34 next February, and he’s clearly running out of time to wait for a title shot.

Looking back, it was a mistake on Loma’s part not to include a rematch clause in his contract with Teofimo Lopez during their fight in October 2020.

Perhaps Lomachenko assumed he would win or he might have thought that Teofimo would give him voluntary revenge.

Obviously, it was surprising that Teofimo chose NOT to give Lomachenko any revenge as it made him weak and backfired on him as well.

Teofimo is said to have made more money fighting Lomachenko in a rematch than he did last weekend defending his four lightweight titles against little-known George Kambosos Jr. and losing to him.

Teo argued he had to fight Kambosos because he was his mandatory IBF, but he could have asked the IBF for an exception or given him a step aside so he could fight Lomachenko in a rematch. .

At worst, Teofimo could have given up on his IBF title and faced Lomachenko if he hadn’t managed to rule him out.

It would have made sense because the money would have been better, and losing to Loma wouldn’t have hurt Teofimo as much as getting beaten by Kambosos, who isn’t that special. It looks like he would be vulnerable against Lomachenko and the other top lightweights.

“It’s always special when I fight at Madison Square Garden, where so many great moments in my career have taken place. Richard Commey is a former world champion, an opponent I will not underestimate. the best version of Commey, ”Lomachenko said.

It will be interesting to see who gets the Top Rank for Lomachenko to fight next if he successfully defeats Commey on December 11. With Teofimo dropping to 140, there is no chance that the Top Rank will tie it against Lomachenko. But even if Teofimo stayed at 135, he probably wouldn’t face Loma again.

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Nepal unveils first shock table installation built with Indian help Mon, 29 Nov 2021 15:44:00 +0000

Kathmandu: Boosting its earthquake-resistant engineering, Nepal on Monday unveiled the country’s first shock table installation with integrated financial support from the Indian government and the United Nations Development Program.

The installation was inaugurated at the premises of the Tribhuwan University Institute of Engineering (IOE), on the Pulchowk campus.

The United Nations Development Agency and India constructed the facility in collaboration with the Department of Urban Development and Building Construction (DUDBC) under the Ministry of Urban Development and OIE, Pulchowk Campus.

The recently unveiled facility aims to build IOE’s capacity for research and academic work on safer construction and modernization techniques.

“We are in one of the vulnerable places to live and a large part of the population still resides there. The technology that the Pulchowk Engineering Campus is trying to put into practice here is extremely important. This would protect not only residential areas that are in danger, but also future disasters as such. This would not only help the efforts of the government, but also increase public awareness, ”said Rahm Kumari Jhakri, Minister of Urban Development.

Minister Jhakri also stressed the need to redouble efforts to improve the security of millions of homes in Nepal and pledged to provide the necessary support to expand the research center and its application.

Addressing the event, Karun Bansal, First Secretary (Development and Reconstruction Projects), Embassy of India in Kathmandu, congratulated all involved in the construction of the facility and expressed hope that the The installation, which is part of the larger post-earthquake support provided by India to Nepal, would help build the capacity of the Government of Nepal to build resilience to earthquakes.

“The goal of the GOI housing project was not only the reconstruction of houses damaged by the earthquake, but also the creation of a repository of information, technology transfer and research activities. During the implementation of this project, it was estimated that a number of affected people preferred to renovate their house rather than build the new house. For the modernization, it was essential to test the seismic performance of the alternative modernization solutions. To this end, UNDP, with the support of the Indian government, has built this shock table installation at the premises of this institute in collaboration with DUDBC and the Ministry of Urban Development, ”Bansal said at the event.

As part of the reconstruction process launched after the 2015 mega-earthquake, more than 50,000 private houses were built in Gorkha and Nuwakot with funding from the Indian government.

UNDP and UNOPS were contracted by the Indian government in March 2018 to provide socio-technical facilitation and consultation services (STFC) to these 50,000 households affected by the earthquake.

The GoI has committed $ 150 million in post-earthquake assistance in the housing sector to provide financial and technical support for the reconstruction of 50,000 beneficiaries, including $ 100 million in grant and $ 50 million under our fourth. credit line.

Under the close guidance of experts, UNDP constructed the Shock Table, which is the first of its kind in Nepal, as a national research center that will assess the seismic performance of buildings and structures made of similar materials. A shock table with a payload capacity of 20 tonnes of size 6 mx 3.6 m was built on the Pulchowk campus.

Physical testing of the seismic performance of retrofitted and non-retrofitted model homes on the Shock Table will provide a basis for expanding retrofit options and techniques across Nepal. Study shows that more than two million private homes are at risk of collapsing in an earthquake and could be made safer, while keeping their old designs and architectures intact, using modernization technology.

The testing facility of the shock table is expected to play a key role in identifying the appropriate retrofit technologies that will be needed to make traditional Nepalese houses safer and more resilient.

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Turnip and Thyme Sheffield Restaurant Review: Our struggle to find a table was worth it – Phoebe Fuller Sun, 28 Nov 2021 05:00:00 +0000

It was a balmy autumn Friday night when I arrived – trendy late (at least I tell myself) – for a morning meal with friends, at Turnip and Thyme in Ecclesall Road, Sheffield.

This meal was long overdue as my friend had wanted to try the food here for a while but had long struggled to find a table.

As it happened, the best we could be offered that particular Friday night was a 5:45 p.m. slot – on the promise that we would be released at 7:45 p.m.

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It was a bit early for my liking, but I was grateful that the restaurant rushed us and the lady who took care of my reservation, via email, was very friendly and accommodating.

My partner and our friends were already there when I arrived, and my guide son, Robin, was already busy charming the other diners and the restaurant staff with his newly become one kindness.

Knowing that we only had a few hours to sample the menu, the four of us – Robin taking advantage of his mother’s offer of chips to keep her busy – we set to decide what we would have.

It was decided to give up starters in favor of main courses and desserts. However, if we had also chosen the starters, I wouldn’t have said no to the carrot and dill arancini – which are served with orange and ginger humous and basil oil. .

As two vegetarians in the group, myself and my friend Lauren, opted for the wild mushroom rissotto which was served with a “crisp” of parmesan, watercress and a poached egg.

I really enjoyed the rissotto, which was rich in flavor and a bit oily in texture, which I appreciate.

The fresh watercress paired well with the dish and provided a bit of a respite from the heavy carbs, just like the egg. The crisp Parmesan was an interesting twist, although I found its flavor a bit overwhelming – I’ve never been a big fan of Parmesan, so this one is for me.

Mushroom rissotto with macaroni and cheese

Maybe stupidly I couldn’t resist ordering a mac and cheese side, which was more the same (carbs in sauce) so I had to be taken home in a box for my lunch the next day. .

It had been served with a topping of toasted breadcrumbs and the flavor of the dish was really nice, although I can’t comment on how much that was helped by it staying in my fridge for an extra day!

My partner ordered the pork belly, which was served with mashed apples and tarragon, ham fondant, cider juice and buttered greens with thyme.

It certainly looked the part and I’m sure it was very tasty, as was the lamb rump – served with candied garlic pesto, broad beans, roasted shallots, sautéed potatoes. and madeira sauce – which our friend Jonathan ordered.

Lamb served with all the garnishes
Lamb served with all the garnishes

We also ordered a serving of onion rings and fries, which were shared around the table – the onion rings were huge, so if you’re a fan you won’t be disappointed!

The presentation of all the dishes was there, with good portions not too big but more than enough, so no risk of going home hungry.

As a bonus, little Robin was treated to two slices of thick bread and a fluffy poached egg – completely free – so he didn’t miss the dining experience.

A table full of delicious food
A table full of delicious food

Something sweet

When it was time to taste the puddings, I opted for the apple and blackberry crumble, served with white chocolate and cinnamon cream.

I would describe the crumble as rustic, served in a shallow dish with a good portion of fruit compote and a loose, crispy filling that looked like it had been sprinkled on top – it was different from the heavy, baked crumble that I expected, it was very good.

The shining star, however, was the white chocolate and subtly sweet cinnamon cream – so greedy that I would put it forward, if ever the option was presented to me.

The divine chocolate crumble and cinnamon custard
The divine chocolate crumble and cinnamon custard

My partner opted for Bailey’s panna cotta – which he said was “okay” – and Lauren had the chocolate orange fondant.

I tasted the fondant, gooey in the middle as needed, and it was deliciously rich, with a spicy orange flavor that complimented the chocolate nicely.

By the time we had all finished our meals it was past 7:45 pm and a member of staff apologized to us that they were now asking for the table for another group.

Orange chocolate fondant served with ice cream
Orange chocolate fondant served with ice cream

Fortunately, the meal did not seem rushed and we had the peaceful opportunity to empty our plates and empty our glasses before being shown on our way.

The total bill – for four main courses, four puddings, three sides and five alcoholic drinks – was £ 121.50 – so you’re looking at just over £ 30 each.

However, if you only have a drink and two courses, you will find that you can easily enjoy a hearty meal for around £ 27 at Turnip and Thyme.

The restaurant itself had a very relaxed vibe, with pleasant decor and warm lighting, so very well set up for an informal meal with friends.

The staff were friendly, attentive, and went the extra mile to make sure everyone was happy – making sure that even a one year old in a high chair was treated like a valued customer.

We all left very full and very happy, I think we will definitely be going back … if we can get another table.

Have you ever tried turnip and thyme? Let us know in the comments!

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Industry Demands, Major Key Players, Industry Analysis and Forecast 2026 Sat, 27 Nov 2021 13:11:46 +0000

The latest report titled Aluminum Matrix Composite Market Report provides vital information on the current status and outlook of the market. The report focuses on market size, share, growth, emerging trends, and market area analysis. The study also includes a comprehensive analysis of various market factors including market drivers, restraints, trends, risks, and opportunities that are common in the market.

The Aluminum Matrix Composites market research report systematically explains the growth factors while also explaining the challenges facing the industry during the forecast period.

According to the report, the aluminum matrix composites market is expected to register a growth rate of XX% during 2021-2026 and is expected to reach a valuation of XX USD by 2026.

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Speaking of recent developments brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic, the global lockdown has thrown entire economies into disarray. This not only affected short-term earnings, but also forced some industries to constantly reorganize their operating structure to stay afloat. Several organizations have gradually adapted their business model to cope with adverse situations. However, many continue to face a plethora of challenges.

Our in-depth analysis of the economic impact of the pandemic is designed to help you make better business decisions to ensure strong returns for years to come. In addition, the report also meticulously studies the various market segmentations to provide better insight into the behavior of the industry.

Key elements included in the Aluminum Matrix Composites Market report:

  • Updated figures on industry sales volume, annual revenue growth and market size.
  • Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the compensation of the aluminum matrix composites industry.
  • Comprehensive analysis of recent market trends.
  • Projected growth rate of the market during the forecast period.
  • Critical factors driving the growth of the aluminum matrix composites market,
  • Setbacks and constraints encountered by the industry.
  • Details on mergers, collaborations and acquisitions between the main players.

Close points on the segmentation of the Aluminum Matrix Composites industry:

Regional perspective: North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East and Africa.

  • The revenues, profits generated and market share captured by each region are described.
  • An in-depth analysis of the Aluminum Matrix Composite market presented both by country and region.
  • Current and future regional statistics as well as growth rates.

Types of products:

  • Materion Corporation (United States)
  • Metal Casting Technologies (United States)
  • 3M (United States)
  • CPS Technologies Corporation (United States)
  • Deutsche Edelstahlwerke GmbH (Germany) and GKN Sinter Metals (United Kingdom

  • Current and projected market shares for each type of product.
  • Product pricing models and revenue forecasts.

Scope :

  • Land transportation
  • Aerospace
  • Heat management
  • Industrial and others

  • Market share of each application segment.
  • Revenue, returns and market share for each application.
  • Product pricing based on scope of applications.

Competitive landscape:

  • Materion Corporation (United States)
  • Metal Casting Technologies (United States)
  • 3M (United States)
  • CPS Technologies Corporation (United States)
  • Deutsche Edelstahlwerke GmbH (Germany) and GKN Sinter Metals (United Kingdom

  • Overview of major league player activity.
  • Services and product portfolio.
  • Historical and forecasted sales and revenue figures, gross margins and market share of each company.
  • SWOT analysis of each major competitor.
  • Breakdown of rate to market, marketing strategies, market concentration rate and other critical aspects.

Highlights of the report:

  • Comprehensive background analysis including parent market assessment.
  • Significant changes in market dynamics.
  • Market segmentation up to the second or third level.
  • Historical, current and forecast market size in terms of value and volume.
  • Report and evaluate the latest developments in the industry.
  • Market shares and strategies of the main players.
  • Emerging market segments and regional markets.
  • Objective assessment of market developments.
  • Suggestions for the company to strengthen its position in the market.

Request customization on this report @

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US Says “All Options” on Table Regarding Reinforcement of Russian Troops Near Ukraine Fri, 26 Nov 2021 17:40:51 +0000

All options are on the table on how to respond to the “large and unusual” troop build-up near the Ukrainian border, and the NATO alliance will decide on the next decision after next week’s consultations. , said the top American diplomat in charge of European affairs. Friday.

“As you can understand, all the options are on the table and there is a toolkit that includes a whole range of options,” Deputy Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs Karen Donfried said at the meeting. ‘a telephone briefing.

“Now it is up to the alliance to decide what next steps NATO wants to take,” she said, speaking ahead of US Secretary of State Antony Blinken’s visit to Latvia and Sweden next week to attend NATO and the Organization for Security and Cooperation. in Europe (OSCE), where she said the formation of “large and unusual” troops in Moscow would be high on the agenda.

U.S., NATO and Ukrainian officials have sounded the alarm bells in recent weeks over what they see as unusual Russian troop movements closer to Ukraine, suggesting Moscow may be on the verge of launching an attack on its neighbor, accusations Russia has dismissed as alarmist.

When asked if Blinken was going to meet Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov in Stockholm, Donfried replied that she had no announcement to make on such a bilateral deal, but added: “Stay tuned “.

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ETF launches Continuing Education Governance Maturity Matrix – FE News Thu, 25 Nov 2021 12:41:13 +0000

The Education and Training Foundation (ETF) has published a governance maturity matrix for use by higher education institution boards.

Building on a June 2020 research report from the Further Education Trust for Leadership, the Matrix aims to provide a template to guide college boards to become sources of challenge and support that add value and contribute to improve student outcomes. It focuses on areas such as culture and behaviors, educational mission, finances and resources, purpose and strategy, risks, skills and capabilities, and stakeholder engagement.

It is intended to help boards benchmark themselves against standards at three levels – foundational, maturing and advancing – and to be used as a tool for continuous development to facilitate the journey to a place of governance maturity.

It is intended for use in a variety of scenarios, including:

  • internally assess the effectiveness of governance
  • as a recruitment tool for governors
  • during the skills audit
  • develop training and development plans for governance
  • plan the annual cycle of council work
  • educate management on understanding the role of governance.

ETF Country Governance Development Officer Fiona Chalk said:

“The key to better board performance lies in the working relationship between the board and the executive, in the dynamics of board interactions, and in the competence, integrity and constructive involvement of each member. High performance advice is coherent, competent, coordinated and focused. This maturity matrix aims to provide a template to guide boards to become more impactful.

The matrix is ​​available free of charge on the ETF website. Its implementation will be monitored at a number of colleges to see how it is used and its impact assessed. It will then be reviewed and updated as needed, to ensure that it remains relevant.

Details of the ETF’s wider offering to support leadership in the VET and training sector are available on the Leadership Hub on the ETF website.

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Industrial automation is so siled that dystopia could never be real Thu, 25 Nov 2021 07:00:38 +0000

As many eagerly await Keanu Reeves’ return as Neo in the upcoming “The Matrix: Resurrections,” fan discussions have exploded with theories about whether the original Terminator series had any influence on the franchise. My thoughts, however, rushed in a completely different direction. The dystopian future created by these great cinematic minds – an evil combination of AI and machines taking over humanity – could never be possible in the siled reality of industrial automation we have today. Pure and simple, we are not even close.

The view of machines plotting, collaborating and moving with ease is still the opposite of what reality has to offer. When it comes to industrial automation, industry and manufacturing in general, these areas are hampered by vendor lockdowns, merged software, and incompatible hardware. Interoperability is a distant dream as organizations are forced to align with a single vendor and compromise on the best industry solutions to serve their customers.

Valuable data becomes disparate and difficult to access and analyze at high speed. Collaboration between best industry solutions or easy real-time upgrades is anything but science fiction. Talented engineers waste precious time reprogramming where it can be automated. Efficiency is compromised and profits are minimized as a result.

And while the winning supplier takes it all, it is not the industry or the end customer that benefits. The situation is far from sustainable, in every sense of the word. Customer experience – which should be the goal of every vendor or any market-driven organization for that matter – inevitably takes a hit.

A revolution in industrial automation

Yet change is in the air. Quite recently, a group of industrial players have started a movement. Organizations like Shell and Intel, alongside academia and several industry pioneers (full disclosure: including Schneider Electric), have joined forces to form UniversalAutomation.Org. It works to recreate for industrial players what we take for granted in our daily lives, such as the ability to use any PC or smartphone with any application or software.

An independent, non-profit association, it aims to create a fully vendor-independent ecosystem for automation software that can run on any hardware. This means that organizations would no longer be limited to a single vendor, could get the best tools for each individual task, and have a fully integrated technology ecosystem that works seamlessly.

Not only will this new industry standard for interoperability have a positive effect on efficiency, but it will lead to new ways of working and a better digital experience. By enabling the best systems to communicate and fully exploit all data, it becomes possible to identify areas where organizations can save energy, minimize waste and increase profits. aims to disrupt the market, but it also seeks to unite the industry around a common and universally acceptable industrial automation standard. The end goal is similar to what the Connectivity Standards Alliance aims to achieve with the introduction of Matter into the smart home space. This makes the IoT more accessible, secure and usable by everyone, thus expanding the market for all players. The interoperability of solutions and mass market adoption are at the heart of the vision of both organizations. The key point is that by agreeing on a universal standard – the lingua franca – for industrial or intelligent home automation, respectively, the whole market benefits.

Red pill or blue pill?

However, there is another reason to standardize approaches to technology, whether at home or in a factory. It goes beyond ending the “wars” of territorial vendors. Like the Matrix and Terminator showcase, once the technology is adopted on a large scale, it reaches a tipping point, after which barriers to adoption become virtually non-existent. Then the technology builds on itself and creates a new reality.

We’ve seen it with the World Wide Web and the emergence of e-commerce and the shared economy – it wouldn’t have been possible without this large-scale buy-in from the entire industry. Universal automation is the next area that promises a similar transformation for the industry and is open to everyone. Those who do not join the revolution risk being left behind.

Manufacturers, equipment manufacturers and sellers must now make a choice. Are they taking the red pill? Join the movement and fully embrace a future of intelligent industrial automation, and evolve into a more efficient and sustainable future. Or are they taking the blue pill? Stick to one vendor, continue to be hampered by inefficient tools and incompatible systems, and prolong the agony of an industry ripe for disruption?

Industrial interoperability will create countless new opportunities for the digital economy, for businesses large and small, leading us towards a net zero utopian future, rather than a dystopian future. This is certainly the promise of universal automation if it were to become large-scale and reach its inevitable tipping point. The question inspired by franchises on the big screen remains: how many will join the “resistance”?

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The headlines of the day: Home visits and hospitality on the table for the new Covid borders; The effectiveness of Pfizer jabs decreases just three months after the second shot Thu, 25 Nov 2021 06:59:00 +0000

Welcome and home visits on the table for the new Covid borders

New limits on the number of people allowed to sit at indoor tables, caps on home visits and a reduction in concert hall capacity are among measures being discussed by the government as it struggles. to bring the fourth wave of the coronavirus pandemic under control.

First-time buyers are aging while 76 pc are now over 30 years old

Most first-time homebuyers are now over 30, which is a major reversal of previous trends.

People who have received the Pfizer Covid-19 vaccine are at increased risk of becoming infected with the virus as early as three months after their second vaccine, a new study reveals today.

TD insists borrowed truck used in protest against Dáil “fully insured”

A TD who drove a truck into the Dáil compound during a protest coup said he did not even own the vehicle. The independent MP said the truck is insured, although the disc is not visible.

“Obsession” to raise retirement age means other options are being ignored, committee said

Policymakers are obsessed with increasing the age at which people are entitled to state pensions, they told politicians.

The Indo Daily: the aftermath of Black Friday

The Indo Daily: the aftermath of Black Friday

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A public holiday on St. Brigid’s Day “is not excluded”

A new public holiday on St. Brigid’s Day has not been ruled out for next year and frontline workers are expected to receive a one-time premium in the event of a pandemic.

Worst examples include televisions where claimed discounts of over $ 1,000 are actually only $ 150 cheaper than before, and headphones quoting outdated prices from years ago.

Images of government figures and health officials saying “schools are safe”

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Investor-State Dispute Resolution – New Liability Thanks to Vietnam’s Free Trade Matrix – International Law Wed, 24 Nov 2021 09:07:56 +0000 To print this article, simply register or connect to

1. Overview: Investor-State Dispute Resolution Mechanisms in Vietnam

Vietnam is consistently in the headlines as a new rising star in foreign direct investment (IDE) in Southeast Asia. Strategically linked to most of the world’s major economies through multilateral free trade agreements (ALE), a growing number of multinational companies (multinationals) and Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) discover Vietnam as their gateway to Asia. Indeed, the country has managed to position itself well in the shadow of its powerful northern neighbor, China, still embroiled in an unpredictable trade war and diplomatic disagreements with the United States and other Western economies.

The sudden disruption of international supply chains due to the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in a further shift in global trade and investment flows in favor of Vietnam. Growing uncertainty about the future of international trade has made Vietnam even more attractive, especially to those who previously viewed Vietnam as a country
‘high risk’ investment. Therefore, it is no coincidence that Vietnam was one of the few economies in the world that managed to grow by 2.9%, according to World Bank statistics.1

Much of this success can be attributed to the efforts of the Vietnamese government to conclude a series of highly beneficial FTAs ​​with regional and global partners. These treaties generally contain investment protection agreements (IPAs), which increase the liability of member states by introducing new dispute settlement rules in the event of a unilateral violation of agreed bilateral investment conditions.

Extrapolating these developments, most forecasts agree that Vietnam is heading towards a bright economic future, supported by dizzying growth and massive investments in its logistics and energy infrastructure. Large-scale projects such as the refurbishment of the power grid, the installation of large capacities for the production and storage of household renewable energy and the improvement of ports, roads and bridges for a new decade of industrialization requires significant capital and know-how. Vietnam is poised to attract these funds and other resources in the form of FDI, continuing its successful strategy of the past decade.

IPAs play a crucial role in tilting the balance of investment decisions in favor of developing countries, where the effectiveness and transparency of local laws and practices can be a significant problem. Being familiar with and able to understand the complex structures of international treaties, FTAs ​​and APIs has therefore become a basic element for doing business in emerging markets.

This legal update covers Vietnam’s most important APIs and summarizes the benefits of investor-state dispute resolution (ISDS) mechanisms for foreign investors. We have chosen the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA) and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) as indicative examples to describe the available ISDS mechanisms. These FTAs ​​are the most sophisticated and relevant treaties that include the bulk of Vietnam’s global investment partners.

2. Summary: What is ISDS?

Many developing countries are concluding an increasing number of bilateral investment treaties (Parts), FTAs ​​and regional trade agreements (RTAs). Significant differences distinguish them in terms of scope and membership, while most of them include provisions for the protection of foreign investors through ISDS. The value of these treaties lies in the mutual commitment of ratifying countries to offer favorable conditions for investment on the basis of most favored nation, national treatment, and fair and equitable treatmentprinciples.

Within the scope and scope of FTAs, ISDS mechanisms form a complementary dispute settlement regime. Like the foreign investor procedural toolkit, ISDS makes it possible to prosecute signatories of international treaties for alleged discriminatory practices in their capacity as host of foreign investments. The substance of these procedures is usually an alleged violation of favorable treatment clauses by a host country to the detriment of a specific foreign direct investment. Member States usually meet on an ISDS system in addition to an FTA. However, there are also several FTAs ​​that do not contain ISDS mechanisms or that explicitly exclude them. When available, ISDS rules ensure mutual respect for agreed trade and investment terms and provide foreign investors with a legal instrument to enforce their claims abroad.

Under global free trade policies, goods and services can be bought and sold across international borders with little or no government tariffs, quotas, subsidies, or prohibitions. FTAs and other treaties set out these preferential trade and investment conditions. They offer trading partners trade and regulatory advantages over their competition in countries not subject to such preferential treatment. However, these advantages only have the value of the implementing legal instruments that support them.

Typical regulations incorporated into ISDS mechanisms are:

  • Scope ISDS (who and what?);
  • Preconditions: Alternative dispute resolution or reflection period;
  • Composition of the Tribunal (Ad hoc arbitration or permanent tribunal);
  • Reference to Rules of procedure international institutions or the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL);
  • Execution rules arbitral awards under ISDS; and
  • Limitation periods for ISDS claims.

The ISDS agreement forms the basis of any subsequent legal proceedings. The conditions and regulations under these agreements may vary. Typically, in IPAs, investors will find a notification provision requiring a potential claimant to notify the host state in writing of a dispute that arises. In some variations, an ISDS clause may impose a “cooling-off period”, during which the counterparties must attempt to resolve the dispute amicably. In other cases, applicants may also have to exhaust all local remedies (legal or otherwise) available during this period. Once this time limit has expired – assuming that no other preconditions apply (eg mediation) – the claimant can begin arbitration.

Typically, ISDS agreements stipulate the rules that will apply to their procedures. Less frequently, the agreement may allow the claimant to select a set of rules that the host state has previously approved (for example, the ICSID Arbitration Rules, the ICSID Additional Facility Rules, the ICSID Arbitration Rules. UNCITRAL and ICC or PCA Arbitration Rules).

The ISDS agreement may include a reference to a particular seat of arbitration. Failing this, the Arbitral Tribunal has discretion over its seat in accordance with the applicable rules. This choice may be meaningful because it establishes the legal framework to support the arbitration, including how and when the headquarters courts can intervene and the legal grounds and procedure for challenging an award that results.

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The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide on the subject. Specialist advice should be sought regarding your particular situation.

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